April 20th Is Lima Bean Respect Day

April 17th, 2012 by Craig Mullins

While many people across the world may be celebrating a different holiday this April 20th, here at Mullins Farms, we’ll be all about lima beans that day.

In case you’re not aware, April 20, 2012 is Lima Bean Respect Day. Personally, I’m not a huge fan of the lima bean, but I can certainly respect it. It’s a mighty food and deserves our recognition.

Named after Lima, Peru, where they have been grown and cultivated since 6000 B.C., lima beans are primarily large flat beans that are pale green in color with a creamy texture and buttery flavor.

Also known as butter bean, the lima bean is grown for its seed, and eaten as a vegetable. It’s low in fat and high in copper, fiber, iron, manganese, and potassium. Lima beans also contain protease inhibitors, which are known to slow the development of cancerous cells.

Did you know that the lima bean is actually a legume, not really a bean at all? It’s true!

A legume fruit is a simple dry fruit that develops from a simple carpel and usually dehisces (opens along a seam) on two sides. A common name for this type of fruit is a pod, although the term “pod” is also applied to a few other fruit types…

The term legume is derived from the Latin word legumen (with the same meaning as the English term), which is in turn believed to come from the verb legere which means “to gather.”

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lima bean respect day
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Making a lima bean dish is the perfect way to honor the food on Lima Bean Respect Day this year!

Baby lima beans are a popular ingredient in Japanese desserts, like bean paste. Other types make excellent additions to soups, casseroles, and spreads. In the southern part of the United States, a popular lima bean dish is Succotash; made with lima beans and corn.

Southern Summer Succotash
From the Kitchen of Deep South Dish

What You’ll Need
1/2 pound of frozen baby lima beans
1 tablespoon of olive oil
1/2 cup of chopped ham or smoked turkey
2 tablespoons of unsalted butter
1/4 cup of chopped Vidalia or other sweet onion
1/4 cup of chopped green bell pepper
2 ears of corn
1-1/2 cups of sliced fresh or frozen okra
1 can of Rotel tomatoes, drained, optional
1/2 tablespoon of granulated sugar
1 large tomato, peeled, seeded and chopped
1/4 cup of heavy cream
1/2 teaspoon kosher salt
6 turns of the pepper grinder

Directions
Cook the lima beans according to the package directions; drain and set aside.

In a large stainless heavy skillet, heat the olive oil on medium. Cook the ham until browned; add the butter to the skillet. Add the onion and bell pepper and cook over medium until softened, about 3 minutes. While that is cooking, cut the corn off of the cob and use the dull edge of the knife to scrape down the milk; set aside.

Add the okra to the onion and bell pepper; cook over medium for about 3 minutes, stirring occasionally. Add the drained Rotel, corn, and sugar; cook and stir on medium for about 5 minutes. Add the fresh chopped tomato, lima beans and cream, reduce heat to medium low and cook for about 10 minutes or until heated through; stirring occasionally. Season with salt and pepper; taste and adjust seasonings as needed.

Serve immediately.

In the Southern United States the Sieva type are traditionally called butter beans, also otherwise known as the Dixie or Henderson type. In that area, lima beans and butter beans are seen as two distinct types of beans.

In the United Kingdom, “butter beans” refer to either dried beans which can be purchased to re-hydrate, or the canned variety which are ready to use. In culinary use, lima beans and butter beans are distinctly different, the former being small and green, the latter large and yellow. In areas where both are considered to be lima beans, the green variety may be labeled as “baby” (and less commonly “junior”) limas.

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Spicy Lima Beans

What You’ll Need
6 bacon slices, cut up
1/2 cup of chopped onion
2 tablespoons of flour
1/4 teaspoon of salt
a dash of pepper
1 bay leaf
1 can (16 ounces) of tomatoes, undrained
2 packages (10 ounces each) frozen lima beans, cooked and drained
1/2 cup of fine dry bread crumbs
2 tablespoons of butter or margarine, melted

Directions
Fry bacon and onion in a skillet. Stir in flour, salt, pepper, bay leaf. Gradually add tomatoes and juice, stirring until thickened.

Add lima beans. Put into a 1 1/2 quart casserole.

Combine bread crumbs and butter. Sprinkle over beans.

Bake, covered, at 350ºF. for 20 minutes, or until heated through. 6 servings

Old Fashioned Baked Lima Beans

What You’ll Need
1/4 pound of sliced smoked turkey, cooked
1 cup of large dried lima beans
2 quarts of boiling water
1 bay leaf
2 sprigs celery leaves
5 sprigs parsley
1/3 cup of sorghum molasses
1/4 cup of firmly packed brown sugar
2 teaspoons of dry mustard
2 teaspoons of salt
1/8 teaspoon of pepper
1 medium onion, chopped
1/2 cup of sherry wine

Directions
Rinse lima beans. Add to boiling water in large saucepan. Boil 2 minutes. Cover. Let stand 1 hour.

Tie together bay leaf, celery leaves and parsley. Add to lima beans. Boil 1 hour.

Drain lima beans, reserving 1 1/2 cups liquid. Heat oven to 250ºF.

Arrange drained lima beans and sliced turkey in layers in 2-quart baking dish with slices of pork on top.

Combine molasses, brown sugar, dry mustard, salt, pepper and onion with 1 1/2 cups liquid from lima beans. Pour over lima beans. Cover. Bake at 250ºF for 2 1/2 hours.

Remove the cover. Pour sherry over lima beans. Bake 1 hour. 8 servings.

lima bean respect day 2012
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